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Definition: Spirulina is a microscopic blue-green algae. It is classified as a vegetable plankton with cells that form the shape of a coiled spring, thus the name spirulina, which means “little spiral”. Unlike other plants and animals, spirulina does not have complicated bodies and biochemistries to maintain. Its total function is to produce protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, amino acids, and protective pigments. Spirulina is high in amino acid content (all 9 essential amino acids) and essential fatty acids, including the much needed Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids. Spirulina has taken the beauty industry by storm, with its high amino acids profile, essential fatty acids omega 3 & 6,14 minerals, over 2000 active enzymes, ßeta-carotene, B12, B1, B5 and B6, just to name a few.
The Aztecs and other Mesoamericans included spirulina in their diet from Lake Texcoco prior to the 16th century.